Tuesday, August 25, 2020
Physiological Effects of Pressure on Man and Cetaceans Air and water are continually applying pressure on each item or living being on Earth. Weight is the power or weight applied on an item for every unit territory so as to move it (Anderson, 2011). It is estimated in bar or air (ata as a shortened form) and changes relying upon the spot on Earth influencing living beings in various manners. Ã Ã¢ In spite of that every one of the three gatherings inside this investigation have a place with the class Mammalia, they all advanced in various ways adjusting them to their condition. Being cetaceans the gathering who is altogether sea-going including whales, dolphins and porpoises (The Editors of EncyclopÃ£ ¦dia Britannica and G. Mead, 2014). Pinnipeds are the gathering of blade footed warm blooded animals who invest the majority of their energy in the water, in any case, coming to shore to rest or mate and it incorporates seals, ocean lions and walrus (NOAA, 2014). Along these lines, it is intended to dissect and look at the impacts of weight in people, cetaceans and pinnipeds just as contrasting potential adaptions of every one. Adrift level, in spite of being vague any article or being is dependent upon the weight applied by the air characterized as one bar/ata. While going submerged to the weight applied by the water the weight of air adrift level must be included. At the point when the height drops each 10 meters beneath ocean level the weight increments by 1 bar/ata in addition to the one at the surface (PADI, 1996). Bringing about 2 bar/ata thus the weight submerged can change as exhibited in figure 1. Figure 1. The connection among Depth and Pressure. (PADI, 1996) Nonetheless, if the jump is made in a submarine to a profundity of 120m/396 feet the group inside will in any case be dependent upon 1 bar of the weight of the air and the submarine would be the one exposed to the weight of 24bar/ata from the water and air consolidated (Martin, 1997). Gas Exchanges All warm blooded creatures have a bidirectional respiratory framework that isnt arranged for living forever submerged as are fish. In a respiratory framework like this, gas trades happen by utilizing similar aviation routes. They begin to breathe in oxygen (O2) at the surface before jumping and sooner or later, all must come back to discharge carbon dioxide (CO2) and breathe in once more (Martin, 1997). The trade itself happens in the alveoli inside the lungs, being the O2 shipped to various pieces of the body by the circulatory framework and the CO2 ousted back through the nose or mouth in people and pinnipeds and through the blowhole in cetaceans as indicated by WhaleFacts.org and NOAA. Cetaceans and pinnipeds being all around adjusted to a marine life they can hold longer submerged between plunges contrasting with people who need scuba apparatus to jump further and for more. From the outset, could be accepted that on account of cetaceans the explanation behind longer plunge time or more profound jumps is lung size. Notwithstanding, as per Whale and Dolphin Conservation (WDC) looking at whale normal body and lung size to the one of a human, a whales lungs take 4% less space in their bodies than a people. Accordingly, the key isnt in the lungs however in the blood and hemoglobin concertation which in a whales is 30% higher than in a human. This causes the whale to capacity more O2 in their circulatory system and muscle tissues rather than inside their lungs and along these lines keep away from profundity related entanglements. Also, the equivalent can be checked in some profound jumper pinnipeds (Kooyman and Ponganis, 1998).Ã¢ The impacts of weight on body pits As these three gatherings have a place the Class Mammalia they all offer three principle body holes which are ordinarily loaded up with air, ears, sinuses and lungs. With air being a gas it changes volume alongside pressure changes, so when weight builds air get packed and will in general diminishing in volume. On one submit people this outcomes in feeling an unconformable press in the ear sinus and cover when utilizing scuba gear. In the event that these zones arent consistently leveled by adding air to them during a plunge can wind up in an eardrum burst or an enormous migraine (PADI, 1996). Then again, in cetaceans, developmental adjustments happened inside the meeting component and sinus to be appropriate for water-borne sounds. Adjustments, for example, the combination of the center and inward ear cases permitted cetaceans to all the more likely decipher sounds submerged anyway without having the option to do likewise to air-borne sounds (Au, Fay, and Popper, 2000). Thus, to people hearing pinnipeds ears progressively adjusted to decipher air-borne sounds as the vast majority of the correspondence between people happens above water. Despite the fact that they do hear adequately well submerged (Riedman, 1990). At last, the lungs regularly to each of the three gatherings the principle rule isn't holding your breath totally while jumping. During climbs as weight diminishes air volume increments and not understanding it can cause lung break (PADI, 1996).Ã¢ Among other significant profundity related results are barotrauma, decompression affliction or the twists and nitrogen narcosis. Decompression Sickness (DCS) While submerged the life form gathers nitrogen and due to not being utilized, it must be ousted which regularly occurs with every exhalation. In the event that the measure of abundance nitrogen is too high when rising the nitrogen leaving the tissue, shapes huge air pockets that can cause side effects from dazedness, shivering and deadness to in serious cases obviousness and demise. It is normally called by jumpers as the twists because of the nitrogen bubbles being caught in the joint open region and not permitting them to twist their joints without torment. With a wide scope of recognizable signs and fluctuating from mellow to direct it is hard to analyze DCS in people. On account of cetaceans in spite of study made by Jepson et al. demonstrating a great deal of people with bubble sores, it can't be expected that all cetaceans mass abandoning are identified with extreme instances of DCS when really it was unrealistic to decide the starting point of those air pockets. Nitrogen Narcosis This side effect is a consequence of a direct harmful impact of high nitrogen pressure in the body and it is like being under the impact of liquor. May influence human jumpers at various profundities however once it begins just deteriorates has the profundity increments and can be destructive as jumpers under this impact will submit hazardous activities while plunging (Martin, 1997). It can likewise be related with instances of DCS as it as a rule occurs before DCS.Ã Despite being totally amphibian, semi-oceanic or earthbound, each of the three gatherings may experience the ill effects of the impacts of weight like DCS and nitrogen narcosis. Being totally earthbound people are the most influenced ones. Cetaceans are the most adjusted gathering to life submerged, in any case, it isn't protected to expect yet that this implies they are less influenced or even resistant to DCS nitrogen narcosis as the birthplace of the air pockets, that from the start would be normal for DCS, was not controlled by Jepson et al. considers. In any case it is conceivable to state the two cetaceans and pinnipeds recover and capacity oxygen much more effectively than people hence more productively maintaining a strategic distance from DCS (Kooyman and Ponganis, 1998). Text: Anderson, M. (2011) The Physics of Scuba Diving. Accessible at: https://www.dawsonera.com/unique/9781908062512 (Accessed: 19 February 2017). Au, W.W.L., Fay, R.R. what's more, Popper, A.N. (2000) Hearing by whales and dolphins. (12 Vols). New York, NY: Springer New York. Part 2 Martin, L. (1997) Scuba jumping clarified: Questions and replies on physiology and clinical parts of scuba plunging. Flagstaff, AZ: Best Publishing Company. PADI (1996) PADI vast water jumper manual. Santa Clause Ana, CA: Atlantic Books. Ponganis, P.J. (2015) Diving physiology of marine warm blooded animals and Seabirds. Joined Kingdom: Cambridge University Press. National Oceanic Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) (2014) Whats the contrast among seals and ocean lions? Accessible at: http://oceanservice.noaa.gov/realities/seal-sealion.html (Accessed: 24 February 2017). Riedman, M. (1990) The pinnipeds: Seals, ocean lions, and walruses. Berkeley: University of California Press. Whale and Dolphin Conservation (WDC) (no date) How do whales relax? Accessible at: http://uk.whales.org/blog/2012/10/how-do-whales-inhale (Accessed: 24 February 2017). WhaleFacts.org (ed.) (2017) Whale Anatomy. Accessible at: http://www.whalefacts.org/whale-life structures/(Accessed: 24 February 2017). Pictures: Ã Ã¢ Figure 1: PADI (1996) PADI vast water jumper manual. Santa Clause Ana, CA: Atlantic Books.
Saturday, August 22, 2020
Powerful Speech About Global Warming Paper An Earth-wide temperature boost Persuasive Speech Gas is a vapid, scentless gas that is available in the climate and is framed when any fuel containing carbon is singed. Plants and trees are utilizing it during the time spent photosynthesis. Carbon dioxide is likewise utilized in refrigeration, fire quenchers, and carbonated beverages. At the end of the day this is the gas we have to battle with! By utilizing petroleum derivatives in nearly all that we do, we make a colossal haze of gas and this is heating up the world. By doing this, we cause genuine harm to the nature and we may irreversibly affect it and what's to come. As you currently comprehend that we have to battle with it, I am going to disclose to you a few different ways to do it. Most importantly, diminish the time you are in the vehicle and utilize your legs to move . See Bikes! Individuals are getting lazier as time goes, yet you can roll out the improvement. On the off chance that you walk more, you help your planet and you help yourself, so why not to do it? Take care about your nursery. Those are the channels of our caused elevated levels of gas. The compelling force of nature realizes how to fix the world, so lets help a tad. Did you realize that at regular intervals a football field of backwoods is gone on the planet? We will compose a custom paper test on Persuasive Speech About Global Warming explicitly for you for just $16.38 $13.9/page Request now We will compose a custom exposition test on Persuasive Speech About Global Warming explicitly for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9/page Recruit Writer We will compose a custom exposition test on Persuasive Speech About Global Warming explicitly for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9/page Recruit Writer It takes minutes to pulverize it, however hundreds of years to get it back. Make your little nursery, plant a tree, help your grandma at the nursery, clean woodlands Energy sparing. That is the way to spare this planet. The a large portion of CO is created utilizing non-renewable energy sources all over. Vehicles, processing plants, horticulture, and so forth. Be that as it may, we have a few different ways to battle with it. Dont utilize old vehicles which leaves a cloud subsequent to firing up. Utilize new , monetary and little motors to decrease the outflows. Or then again surprisingly better, utilize a BIKE. Utilize power from inexhaustible sources like breeze , waves, waterways, sun based vitality and so forth.
Monday, August 10, 2020
How Dialectical Behavior Therapy (DBT) Works Depression Treatment Print Overview of Dialectical Behavior Therapy (DBT) By Nancy Schimelpfening Nancy Schimelpfening, MS is the administrator for the non-profit depression support group Depression Sanctuary. Nancy has a lifetime of experience with depression, experiencing firsthand how devastating this illness can be. Learn about our editorial policy Nancy Schimelpfening Medically reviewed by Medically reviewed by Steven Gans, MD on June 05, 2017 Steven Gans, MD is board-certified in psychiatry and is an active supervisor, teacher, and mentor at Massachusetts General Hospital. Learn about our Medical Review Board Steven Gans, MD Updated on February 04, 2020 Kai Wiechmann / DigitalVision / Getty Images More in Depression Treatment Medication Causes Symptoms Diagnosis Types Childhood Depression Suicide In This Article Table of Contents Expand History How It Works DBT Strategies Is It Right for You? View All Back To Top Dialectical behavior therapy (DBT) is a type of cognitive behavioral therapy. Its main goals are to teach people how to live in the moment, cope healthily with stress, regulate emotions, and improve relationships with others.?? It was originally intended for people with borderline personality disorder (BPD) but has since been adapted for other conditions where the person exhibits self-destructive behavior, such as disordered eating and substance misuse.?? It is also sometimes used to treat post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). History DBT was developed in the late 1980s by Dr. Marsha Linehan and colleagues when they discovered that cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) alone did not work as well as expected in patients with BPD. Dr. Linehan and her team added techniques and developed a treatment that would meet the unique needs of these patients.?? DBT is derived from a philosophical process called dialectics. Dialectics is based on the concept that everything is composed of opposites and that change occurs when one opposing force is stronger than the other, or in more academic termsâ"thesis, antithesis, and synthesis. More specifically, dialectics makes three basic assumptions:?? All things are interconnected.Change is constant and inevitable.Opposites can be integrated to form a closer approximation of the truth. In DBT, the patient and therapist are working to resolve the seeming contradiction between self-acceptance and change in order to bring about positive changes in the patient. Another technique offered by Linehan and her colleagues was validation. Linehan and her team found that with validation, along with the push for change, patients were more likely to cooperate and less likely to suffer distress at the idea of change. The therapist validates that the persons actions make sense within the context of their personal experiences without necessarily agreeing that they are the best approach to solving the problem. How It Works DBT has now evolved into a standard type of cognitive behavioral therapy. When a person is undergoing DBT, they can expect to participate in three therapeutic settings: ?? A classroom where a person is taught behavioral skills by doing homework assignments and role-playing new ways of interacting with people. Typically, the class meets for two to three hours on a weekly basis.Individual therapy with a trained professional where those learned behavioral skills are adapted to the persons personal life challenges. (Running concurrently with the classroom work, individual therapy sessions usually last for 60 minutes, once a week.)Phone coaching in which a person can call their therapist in between sessions to receive guidance on coping with a difficult at-the-moment situation. In DBT, individual therapists also meet with a consultation team to help them stay motivated in treating their patients and help them navigate difficult and complex issues. While each therapeutic setting has its own set structure and goals, the following characteristics of DBT are found in group skills training, individual psychotherapy, and phone coaching:?? Support: Youll be encouraged to recognize your positive strengths and attributes and develop and use them.Behavioral: Youll learn to analyze any problem or destructive behavior patterns and replace them with healthy and effective ones.Cognitive: Youll focus on changing thoughts or beliefs and behavior or actions that are not effective or helpful. Skill sets: Youâll learn new skills to enhance your capabilities.Acceptance and change: Youâll learn strategies to accept and tolerate your life, emotions, and yourself as well as skills to help you make positive changes in your behaviors and interactions with others.Collaboration: Youll learn to communicate effectively and work together as a team (therapist, group therapist, psychiatrist). DBT Strategies People undergoing DBT are taught how to effectively change their behavior using four main strategies.?? Core Mindfulness Mindfulness skills, which is perhaps the most important strategy in DBT, teaches you to focus on the present or âlive in the moment.â By doing so, you can learn to pay attention to whats going on inside of you (thoughts, feelings, sensations, impulses) as well as whats outside of you (what you see, hear, smell, and touch). These skills will help you to slow down so you can focus on healthy coping skills in the midst of emotional pain. Mindfulness can help you to stay calm and avoid engaging in automatic negative thought patterns and impulsive behavior. Sample Exercise: Observe Mindfulness Skill Pay attention to your breath. Take note of the sensation of inhaling and exhaling, observing your belly rise and fall as you breathe. Distress Tolerance Distress tolerance teaches you to accept yourself and the current situation. More specifically, you learn how to tolerate or survive crises using four techniques: distraction, self-soothing, improving the movement, and thinking of pros and cons. By learning distress tolerance techniques, youll be able to prepare in advance for any intense emotions and cope with them with a more positive long-term outlook. Sample Exercise: Putting Your Body in Charge Run up and down the stairs. If youre inside, go outside. If youre sitting, get up and walk around. The idea is to distract yourself by allowing your emotions to follow your body. Interpersonal Effectiveness Interpersonal effectiveness helps you to become more assertive in a relationship (for example, expressing needs and saying no) while still keeping that relationship positive and healthy. This happens by learning to listen and communicate effectively, deal with difficult people, and respect yourself and others. Sample Exercise: GIVE Use the acronym GIVE to improve relationships and positive communication:Gentle: Dont attack, threaten, or judgeInterest: Show interest with good listening skills (dont interrupt to speak)Validate: Acknowledge the persons thoughts and feelingsEasy: Try to have an easy attitude (smile and stay light-hearted) Emotion Regulation Emotion regulation provides a set of skills that help to keep your emotional system healthy and functioning. It teaches you to adjust your emotions, including the intensity, when you have it, and how you react to it. By recognizing and coping with negative emotions (for example, anger), you can reduce your emotional vulnerability and have more positive emotional experiences. Sample Exercise: Opposite Action Identify how youre feeling and do the opposite. If youre sad and feel like withdrawing from friends and family, do the opposite. Make plans to see family and friends and stay social. Is DBT Right for You? While the majority of research to date has focused on the effectiveness of DBT for people with borderline personality disorder, as well as co-occurring thoughts of suicide and self-harm, post-traumatic stress disorder, and substance use disorders, ??DBT has also been shown to work for a variety of mental health conditions including:?? Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)Binge eating disorderBipolar disorderBulimiaGeneralized anxiety disorderMajor depressive disorder (including treatment-resistant major depression and chronic depression)Post-traumatic stress disorderSubstance use disorderSuicidal and self-harming behavior Researchers have also found that DBT is effective regardless of age, sex, sexual orientation, and race/ethnicity.?? The best way to figure out if DBT is right for you is to talk with a mental health professional, who will evaluate your symptoms, treatment history, and therapy goals to determine the best next step. A Word From Verywell If you believe that you or a loved one may benefit from DBT, please seek guidance from a doctor or healthcare professional trained in this treatment approach. DBT therapists arent always easy to locate. How to Find Dialectical Behavior Therapy for BPD Near You You can begin your search with the Clinical Resource Directory maintained by Behavioral Tech, an organization founded by Dr. Linehan, to train mental health professionals in DBT. This directory allows you to search by state for clinicians and programs that have gone through DBT training with Behavioral Tech, LLC, or the Behavioral Research and Therapy Clinics at the University of Washington. Another option is to ask your physician, therapist, or psychologist to refer you to someone who specializes in DBT. Try DBT With an Online Therapist
Saturday, May 23, 2020
HOMER AND EURIPIDES DEAL WITH THE SAME THEMES BUT IN DIFFERENT WAYS INTRO: Despite difference of around 400 years between them Greek poet Homer and tragedian playwright Euripides explore many of the same themes in their works the Odyssey and Trojan Women (written by each respectively). Both works are inspired by the events of 12th Century BCE Trojan War that Homer previously explored in the Iliad. The two examine the worth of cunning over brute strength, the dangers of temptation and the role of women in their respective time periods. Despite having extremely similar central ideas, the techniques employed by each are markedly different. These differences arise as the result of changes in socio-historical contexts and format of each workÃ¢â¬â¢s presentation, for example the critical shift of the 5th century which saw the rise of sophistry and a certain scepticism in regard to Athenian leadership and the very existence of the gods. PARA ONE: Socio-Historical Context HomerÃ¢â¬â¢s the Odyssey is an Epic poem written in the 8th Century BCE (the Ã¢â¬Ëdark agesÃ¢â¬â¢ of Greece / the geometric period). EuripidesÃ¢â¬â¢ Trojan Women was written in 415 BCE, after the great plague of Athens and the rise of sophistry. Both were written in Mycenaean Greece, and inspired by events of the fabled 12th Century Trojan War. HomerÃ¢â¬â¢s purpose was to record the events, and provide entertainment for audiences in an oratory form. Euripides wrote a play, intended to be performed for Athenian men, in a competition.Show MoreRelated Comparing the Deceitful Women of Homers Odyssey and the Bible1184 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesThe Deceitful Women of Homers Odyssey and the Bible Across all barriers, women have always brought pain, suffering, and aguish to the men as demonstrated in both Homers Odyssey and the Bible. With their beauty and grace, temptresses like the Sirens and Delilah lure men into their grasps, only to later steer them to their ruin. Other times, they use their cunning abilities and deception, as Circe and Jezebel did, in order to entice men into doing things that they normally would neverRead MoreA Comparison of Helen in the Iliad and the Odyssey809 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesand The Odyssey are tales written by Homer centered on the drama of the Trojan War. First poem deals with the time during the end of the war, while the latter, which occurs roughly ten years later, explains the disastrous journey of Odysseus fighting his way back home. The character of women in the Odyssey is to exhibit the many and diverse roles that women play in the lives of men. These functions vary from characters such as the goddess that help them to the nymp hs who trick them. Women in theRead MoreWomen in the Illiad and the Odyssey1331 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pages March 21, 2013 Roles of Women in The Iliad and The Odyssey Homer wrote two epic poems, The Iliad and The Odyssey. The Iliad is a tragedy that tells about the battles of the Trojan War. The Odyssey is somewhat of a sequel, the story of Odysseus s travels home after the Trojan War. An article found in Ã¢â¬Å"The American ScholarÃ¢â¬ states, Ã¢â¬Å" One might begin by asking what both epics, The Iliad and The Odyssey, would be like if there were no women in them. The Trojan war would not have been foughtRead MoreThe Odyssey By William Shakespeare1458 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesnot pass your way againÃ¢â¬ which is similar to OdysseusÃ¢â¬â¢ motto in The Odyssey. Odysseus is constantly dealing with obstacles that have been set in place by the Gods. Mainly the obstacle involves a woman being a temptress in order to detour Odysseus from his journey home to Ithaca. Eventually, Odysseus resists the seductresses in order to continue his journey home to Ithaca so he can finally see his wife Penelope. In The Odyssey women have a narrow, but signif icant role similar to their role in ancientRead MoreThe Aeneid, The Hero Aeneas Essay1731 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesIn VirgilÃ¢â¬â¢s Ã¢â¬Å"AeneidÃ¢â¬ , the hero Aeneas, a Trojan who traveled to Italy, is faced with a series of challenges. To overcome these challenges, Aeneas seeks help from the gods as he tries to make his way back home. In HomerÃ¢â¬â¢s Ã¢â¬Å"The OdysseyÃ¢â¬ , the hero Odysseus spends ten years trying to return to his homeland, Ithaca. Both heroes face similar challenges that they need to overcome in order to accomplish their goals. The Odyssey has two characters that hinder the heroÃ¢â¬â¢s journey; Calypso and Circe. The AeneidRead More Iliad Essay1253 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesThe Iliad and The Odyssey are two epic poems with both similar and different styles to the structure of the poems, as well as each poem having the same gods incorporated into the stories intervening with the day to day lives of the mortals. Greek poetry before Homer was all composed orally; therefore it is assumed that HomerÃ¢â¬â¢s works are the first written works of art (Joachim Latacz, page 15). Scholars who have spent extensive time researching the origin of HomerÃ¢â¬â¢s work cannot verify a specificRead MoreVirgil s Aeneid And Homer s Odyssey1436 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesIn VirgilÃ¢â¬â¢s Aeneid and HomerÃ¢â¬â¢s Odyssey we observe two opposing views, the defeat of the Trojans and the victorious Greeks. Nevertheless, we get parallel plots in the form of the heroÃ¢â¬â¢s journey. Each hero faces many obstacles to reach their fate. With both heroes having the ultimate goal of reaching their homeland or in AeneasÃ¢â¬â¢ case finding a new home. There are many similarities such as both Odysseus and Aeneas sailing the same sea, and visiting some of the same location such as; the underworldRead MoreWomens Roles in the Odyssey1337 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesWomen play a significant role in the text that forms an importa nt part of The Odyssey, an epic written by Homer in the 7th century B.C. Within the poem there are three basic types of women: the goddess, the seductress, and the good hostess/wife. Each role helps to create a different kind of element and is essential to the completion of the story. The first female in the Odyssey to be seen in full effect is the beautiful goddess. Although she is a supernatural being in all of the epic poem sheRead MoreFemale Influence in Greek Mythology Essay examples1196 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesThe ability of women to influence the course of events in Iliad and Odyssey Women have always been an important part of human history since it began. The Greek Myths also show how women, though not as powerful as men, have been able to cause great changes to the course of events. The Trojan of war is one glorified example of it where because of one woman thousands of soldiers died. I would like to talk about such women from the readings that we have done in this course. I shall be talking aboutRead MoreSimilarities Between The Odyssey and The Aeneid824 Words Ã |Ã 3 PagesThe Odyssey and Aeneid Long ago, there were two powerful nations located in southern Europe. First there were the Greeks, this nation was known for the first practice of democracy. Other than democracy, during the Greeks era there was a man by the name Homer who wrote a story called The Odyssey about a great legendary hero named Odysseus. After the Greeks, then came the Romans who ruled Greece for centuries. The Romans during their time were known to have practiced and used many of the Greeks cultures
Tuesday, May 12, 2020
The Benefits of Advances in Communication for the Visual or Hearing Impaired Language is a means of communication that people use to interact with others in society. Generally, language comprises vocal sounds to which meanings have been assigned by cultural convention and often supplemented by various gestures. (Sharma, 30) For any normal person, language is no longer viewed as a tool to acquire: language is placed as a standard and basic skill, almost being considered given at birth. Such an idea about language is reasonable when taking into account how the development of speech and language is acquired in early childhood. But as a rule, such a standard and basic process of language development is only relevant to normalÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦Then, we consider difficulties that the blind and the deaf face in their communication and interaction with others. Finally, after identifying the difficulties, we then focus on different technological innovations and improvements that concentrate to ease such difficulties for the blind and the deaf, thus provid ing them wider access and use of language especially in their everyday life. First, lets consider the difference for people with visual and hearing impairments to acquire the use of language in comparison to the standard and basic language development process. From age 0 month to 6 months, babies typically learn most basic communicating language skills such as crying and babbling to express different feelings they experiences. Also, they start to recognize and look for familiar voices and sounds. (Oesterriech) The development of typical language skills of children aging 0 to 6 months primarily depends on hearing. These language skills are essentially responses to what children hear in their life. So it is presumably correct to state that babies with hearing impairments suffer the most and pulled back on developing language skills from this early on. A major drawback for deaf babies occur in the first year, for too often babies hearing impairment is not diagnosed until babies are 12 months old. Such unawareness, sadly, occurs too often for ninety percent of d eafShow MoreRelatedEffective Communication in Health and Social Care Essay1372 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagescare effective communication a key skill all professionals should have when working with families, carers, children and young people. Having this skill helps to build trust it can also encourage the individual to use the services. Effective communication is essential when trying to establish and maintain relationships and it is a process that involves listening, questioning, responding and understanding. However there are many barriers that can effect how effective the communication is a few examplesRead MoreSelection Of Location Report1226 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pageswith mentioned that they are able to accommodate individuals that need to work specific hours, day, etc. An example that was mentioned was a current employee that works at this location, who happens to have autism is provided his schedule weeks in advance, so that he can plan the other activities in his life. He tends to wo rk the same schedule most weeks, regarding the days of the week and the time in which he works. Lacking or Unavailable Resources I did not feel that this location had a lot of resourcesRead MoreInclusion Of The Special Education Program1773 Words Ã |Ã 8 Pagessocial integration of students, regardless of hearing status. Inclusion implies that children who are Hearing Impaired receive most, or all, of their education in the regular classroom. Inclusion implies that the regular classroom will change to accommodate all different learners and that is desirable to offer special services to all children within the regular classroom. Antia (2007) added that both deaf and hard-of-hearing students can encounter communication difficulties in the general education classroomRead MoreTeaching Deaf Students : Technology Essay1778 Words Ã |Ã 8 Pagesclassroom that are geared towards hearing and speech impaired students may bring thought provoking scenarios about the struggles these students face. For many, the personal agony can only be imagined, but one will never really understand what goes through the minds of child ren who are unable to hear or speak. Nevertheless, I will explore how educational accessories such as audio and video related tools have shaped the way forward for a number of children with hearing and speech disabilities. In theRead MoreLanguage Delays And Autism Spectrum Disorder1632 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pageswith ASD are unable to progress at a normal rate of development compared to their peers. The level of communication due to language delays can be severely affected as well for children with autism. Children can also exhibit repetitive, unusual behaviors. Those affected by the disorder thrive on consistency, and predictability in the classroom setting. Because of the impaired language skills, visual approaches to classroom instruction are very beneficial for the students (Ormrod, 2011). When consideringRead MoreSubstance Abuse in the Elderly, Disabled, and LBGT Populations2316 Words Ã |Ã 10 Pagesto 23% of drugs prescribed to adults over the age of 60 (Center for Substance Abuse Treatment 1998). Natural changes in the biochemistry of older adults make them more sensitive to the effects of benzodiazepines and other mood-altering drugs. The benefits of this class of drugs are less for older individuals than for younger individuals, but the risks are greater (Tariq, 2009, p. 93). Identifying substance abuse in the older population can be challenging due to multiple factors. AdultsRead MoreQcf 5 Unit 5015985 Words Ã |Ã 24 Pagesoutcome 1 1. Be able to address the range of communication requirements in own role The learner can: 1.1 Review the range of groups and individuals whose communication needs must be addressed in own job role 1.2 Explain how to support effective communication within own job role 1.3 Analyse the barriers and challenges to communication within own job role 1.4 Implement a strategy to overcome communication barriers 1.5 Use different means of communication to meet different needs Learning outcomeRead MoreThe Forgotten : How The Disabled Are Left Out Of Disaster Preparedness1945 Words Ã |Ã 8 Pageslocations where more than one kind of catastrophe is probable, cross training and advance notice systems are necessary to alert the populace to the disaster at hand. The population should have some situational awareness of the demand for preparedness in addition to repeated trainings and rehearsals in evacuation procedures. This should be supervised by governmental representatives at all levels. The possibility of advance warning notification has a high probability of lessening the number of casualtiesRead MoreShould Deaf People Receive Cochlear Implants Or Communicate Through Sign Language?2230 Words Ã |Ã 9 Pagesover whether deaf people should receive a cochlear implant or communicate solely through sign language. The first single channel cochlear implant was introduced in 1972 as an electrical device that provides a sense of hearing to those that are Ã¢â ¬Å"profoundly deaf or severely hard of hearingÃ¢â¬ (Tallungan). Though the technology behind cochlear implants has improved, there is still a divide throughout the United States as to whether deaf individuals should receive cochlear implants or communicate solely throughRead More(Pttls) Level 4 Assignment1449 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesall of their learners as individuals and to treat them equally and to create stimulating and effective opportunities within the class that enable the development and progression of all students. The teacherÃ¢â¬â¢s role is also to plan their sessions in advance utilising lesson plans and other preparation materials. Completing attendance records and maintaining records of learner progress through methods such as tutorials and assessments is also vital. All teachers have a duty of care to their learners
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
Some tragic events In the asses alerted the public to the devastating effects that a iatrogenic substance can have on a developing fetus, although the drug may be perfectly harmless to the mother. Doctors had prescribed the drug thalidomide for pregnant women as a tranquilizer, but they discovered that the drug caused fetal defects such as missing arms, legs, hands, and feet, in addition to many soft tissue malformations. Fetal defects [191 included both physical and functional alterations, such as the possibility of growth retardation, deformities, behavioral problems, genetic alterations, or a higher than aroma tendency to develop cancer. We will write a custom essay sample on DuPont or any similar topic only for you Order Now The Du Pont policy E. L. Du Pont De Memoirs Co. , the worldÃ¢â¬â¢s largest chemical manufacturer, has long been concerned with chemical toxicity and exposure. Du Pont uses only a small number of hazardous substances Ã¢â¬â such as lead, aniline, and redistribution Ã¢â¬â that require special control. Over the years, the company has promulgated several policies dealing with reproductive hazards, particularly one that addressed the problem of fetal damage from chemical exposure. If Du Pont discovers that a chemical is a developmental toxin (toxic to the fetus), the company first uses engineering and administrative procedures to eliminate the risk of exposure or to reduce it to an acceptable level. Engineering procedures: special ventilation equipment administrative procedures: regulation of exposure time, use of protective clothing However, If no Ã¢â¬Å"acceptable exposure levelÃ¢â¬ has been determined or If engineering and administrative procedures cannot reduce exposure to an acceptable level, the Du Pont policy read: Ã¢â¬Å"females of child bearing capacity shall be excluded from work areasÃ¢â¬ . The feminist organizations protested, Incriminating this policy as a clear form of gender discrimination. They claimed that a considerable number of women are excluded from very well payday jobs, and requested the right for any fertile woman to Du Pont rejected the suggestion that a woman who was appraised of the health risk could then sign a legally valid waiver, because the exclusionary policy was to protect the fetus, not the woman. Under this policy Du Pont stated that Ã¢â¬Å"the waiver of subsequent claims by the female worker would be of no legal significance because the deformed fetus, if born, may have its own rights as a person which could not be waived by  the mother. Although some state supreme courts upheld this position, omenÃ¢â¬â¢s groups continued to view protective exclusion as sex discrimination, especially given the growing evidence that industrial chemicals that can affect a future fetus may also adversely affect the male reproductive system. Du Pont considered the excluded partyÃ¢â¬â¢s sex to be irrelevant, on grounds that the policyÃ¢â¬â¢s goal is to protect the susceptible fetus. Du Pont noted that Ã¢â¬Å"the complexity of the issue lies in the separate, but not separated, nature of the affected groups Ã¢â¬â fetus and femalesÃ¢â¬ . Du Pont excluded women only because they are capable of becoming pregnant and bringing the fetus into the workplace. Du Pont regarded the difficulty of determining pregnancy during the early stages, when the fetus is most vulnerable to damage, as a sound reason for the exclusion policy. However, womenÃ¢â¬â¢s advocates continued to view companies such as Du Pont as simply remiss in developing technological solutions for the control of embryologist. A common union complaint is that industry makes the worker safe for the workplace to the point of exclusion, rather than making the workplace safe for the worker and fetus. Management, however, contends that acceptable levels of exposure cannot be achieved using available risk data. 1991 US Supreme CourtÃ¢â¬â¢s decision In January 1981 The New York Times examined a startling development in the nationÃ¢â¬â¢s workplaces. Fertile women workers were, in increasing numbers, electing to undergo voluntary sterilization rather than give up high-paying Jobs involving exposure to chemicals that are potentially harmful to a developing fetus. This disclosure precipitated discussion of a new civil rights issue with questions raised about whether a company should be aloud to discriminate against a woman to protect her unborn child, or whether the practice of keeping a woman out of certain well-paying Jobs because she was fertile was simply another form of sex coordination in the workplace. Ten years later, on March 20, 1991, the US Supreme Court decided in the case of Auto Workers v. Johnson Controls, Inc. [a relatively obscure company, manufacturing car batteries] that employers cannot legally adopt fetal protection policies that exclude women of childbearing age from a hazardous workplace because such policies involve illegal sex discrimination. However, the Supreme Court decision was, in some respects, narrow. It left American corporations in a state of uncertainty about what type of policy would effectively protect fetus from reproductive hazards. How to cite DuPont, Papers
Saturday, May 2, 2020
Question: Discuss about theCritical Overview of the Climate Change for Global Warming. Answer: Introduction The aim of this paper is to discuss the issue of global warming as examined by Davidson. It documents and expounds the aspects of the factors that contribute to the factors that propel and exacerbate climate change, an assessment of climate change on our everyday lives and the planet and finally a range of recommendations that would be helpful in mitigating climate change. Causes of climate change Climate change is a burning issue and demands immediate attention. The temperature of Earth is contingent on the equipoise between entering and exiting the system of Earth. The energy from the sun known as the incoming energy keeps the surface of the Earth warm. Earth avoids warming when the energy from the sun is reflected back into the space. The Earth cools when the absorbed energy is liberated back into the space. Scientists have found that there has been a variation in the climate for a long time range (Redshaw et al., 2013). Climate change is also triggered. During the epoch of industrliazation, climate change was attributed to mostly natural factors like volcanic eruptions, solar energy and green house emissions. The Green House gases comprise of carbon dioxide (CO2), methane (CH4) and water vapour (H2O). The problem with greenhouse is that it makes the Earth warmer that the usual temperature of the Earth which is commonly known as the greenhouse effect. The composition of gre enhouse has severe implications on the environment. The absorption of carbon dioxide and its liberation is part of the natural carbon cycle through the respiration of animals and plants (Aldy Pizer, 2015). Apart from this, the plethora of human activities like combusting the fossil fuels and the transformations in the usage of land also liberate a wide amount of carbon dioxide into the atmosphere. It has been found that there has been an increase for carbon dioxide in the atmosphere. Another cause that triggers the presence of carbon dioxide is the volcanic eruption. It is estimated that the multifarious activities of human beings is responsible for the presence of over 30 billion tons of CO2 (Anderson, Hawkins Jones, 2016). Impact of climate change on our lives and the planet Davidson is of the view that scientists have not reached a consensus regarding the temperature sensitivity of the soil. The drastic change in the climate can pose pernicious health risks to the future generation as has been envisaged by the environmentalists and moral philosophers. One less discussed aspect of the change in climate is damage to properties. Pollution of the global atmosphere would portend to be damaging anything for the future generations (Davidson Janssens, 2006). Davidson believes that the present generation has the responsibility of not encroaching on the resources of the future generation. The environmental factors due to global warming is the melting of ice like the glaciers, mountains, ice sheets stretching over Greenland and West Antarctica and also the ice sheets on the Arctic sea. There has been a rise in the sea level due to the melting of icebergs and ice sheets. There has been a complete metamorphosis in the climatic conditions an increase in precipitatio n on the global level. The rise in global temperature has been detrimental for important species of fauna whereas beneficial for invasive species. For example, there has been a decline of Adelie penguins in the Antarctic region-their numbers have fallen from 32,000 to 11,000 over the last decade (Constable et al., 2014). On the other hand, there has been a proliferation in the growth of spruce bark beetles in Alaska that are known for consuming up spruce trees. It is predicted that there will an increase in natural disasters due to the effects of climate change. For example, floods, droughts, storms and hurricanes will become stronger if climate change is not mitigated. There is the prognosis that there will be a spread of malaria and the revival of the Zika virus (Global Climate Change, 2018. )Since there will be an alteration in the ecosystems, species that would not be able to migrate to compatible regions as a response to the climate change will extinct. Our power to combat climate change Human beings have the agency and the power to act sensibly to climate change. There needs to be a change in orientation in our everyday interaction with the environment. The first step is to subscribe to environment-friendly vehicles that would save and conserve energy. Cycling and walking can be a small step but it can go a long way in this initiative. In 2013, it was estimated that 44 per cent of the electric generation is an outcome of the renewable (Change, 2014). One can opt for battery chargers that can save $100 million of electricity bill and at the same time prevent the rise in greenhouse gases into the atmosphere. Human beings should ensure that their activities have minimal effect on the environment. The use of low-carbon sinks is one such step. People can use renewable power alternatives generated from the natural energy. Improper method of garbage disposal in the landfills will trigger the production of methane gas (Greaver et al., 2016). Therefore, human beings need to judiciously dispose their waste may be through the composting of kitchen scraps or through garden trimmings. Travelling via air has pernicious effects on the environment and therefore, it is sensible to cut down on air travel. There is also a need to change the consumption pattern whether in terms of automobiles or food. Purchasing products in bulk amount can be useful in lowering the amount on plastic wrapping or other associated packaging materials. Conclusion The factors contributing to climate change is the concentration of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere. Carbon dioxide is one of the most important reason for the rise in global temperature and so as methane gas. The drastic change in climate poses threat to the destruction of various species on the planet. In the Antarctic and Greenland regions, there has been a massive melting of ice sheets and icebergs that will rise the sea level. The need of the hour is to adopt a sustainable lifestyle and reduce the adversities of climate change and will be beneficial for the future generations. References Aldy, J. E., Pizer, W. A. (2015). The competitiveness impacts of climate change mitigation policies.Journal of the Association of Environmental and Resource Economists,2(4), 565-595. Anderson, T. R., Hawkins, E., Jones, P. D. (2016). CO2, the greenhouse effect and global warming: from the pioneering work of Arrhenius and Callendar to today's Earth System Models.Endeavour,40(3), 178-187. Change, I. P. O. C. (2014). IPCC.Climate change. Constable, A. J., Melbourne?Thomas, J., Corney, S. P., Arrigo, K. R., Barbraud, C., Barnes, D. K., ... Davidson, A. T. (2014). Climate change and Southern Ocean ecosystems I: how changes in physical habitats directly affect marine biota.Global Change Biology,20(10), 3004-3025. Davidson, E. A., Janssens, I. A. (2006). Temperature sensitivity of soil carbon decomposition and feedbacks to climate change.Nature,440(7081), 165. Global Climate Change. (2018).Climate Change: Vital Signs of the Planet. Retrieved 28 March 2018, from https://climate.nasa.gov/ Greaver, T. L., Clark, C. M., Compton, J. E., Vallano, D., Talhelm, A. F., Weaver, C. P., ... Felker-Quinn, E. (2016). Key ecological responses to nitrogen are altered by climate change.Nature Climate Change,6(9), 836. Redshaw, C. H., Stahl-Timmins, W. M., Fleming, L. E., Davidson, I., Depledge, M. H. (2013). Potential changes in disease patterns and pharmaceutical use in response to climate change.Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health, Part B,16(5), 285-320.